A Hair Stylist is a person whose occupation is to cut or style hair in order to change or maintain a person’s image. This is achieved using a combination of hair coloring, haircutting, and hair texturing techniques.
Most Hair Stylists are professionally licensed as either a Hair Stylist, a barber or a cosmetologist.
Hairdressing as an occupation dates back thousands of years. Ancient art drawings and paintings have been discovered depicting people working on another person’s hair.
Greek writers Aristophanes and Homer both mention hairdressing in their writings. In Africa, it was believed in some cultures that a person’s spirit occupied his or her hair, giving Hair Stylists high status within these communities.
The status of hairdressing encouraged many to develop their skills, and close relationships were built between Hair Stylists and their clients. Hours would be spent washing, combing, oiling, styling and ornamenting their hair.
Men would work specifically on men, and women on other women. Before a master Hair Stylist died, they would give their combs and tools to a chosen successor during a special ceremony.
In ancient Egypt, Hair Stylists had specially decorated cases to hold their tools, including lotions, scissors and styling materials.
Barbers also worked as Hair Stylists, and wealthy men often had personal barbers within their home. With the standard of wig wearing within the culture, wigmakers were also trained as Hair Stylists.
In ancient Rome and Greece household slaves and servants took on the role of Hair Stylists, including dyeing and shaving. Men who did not have their own private hair or shaving services would visit the local barbershop.
Women had their hair maintained and groomed at their homes. Historical documentation is lacking regarding hairstylists from the 5th century until the 14th century.
Hair care service grew in demand after a papal decree in 1092 demanded that all Roman Catholic clergymen remove their facial hair.